Language Study and Exegesis

Inquiries into Biblical Languages -- Hebrew and Greek

* * Web site posted by David Washburn, an independent scholar and author from Arizona. The more useful part of the site is his collection of links to Greek and Hebrew language resources, including biblical texts, Dead Sea Scrolls project, textual criticism and archaeology.

Learn Greek Online

***Course hosted by Michael W. Palmer includes grammar, topical index, lexicon, and blog.


*** Resources for Biblical, Theological, and Religious Studies, maintained by Tyler F. Williams, Assistant Professor of Theology, The King's University College, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Includes Kittel Database for Hebrew FlashWorks, Hebrew resources, course syllabi, blogs, language tools.

Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts

* Posted by the Earlham School of Religion; main focus is the process used to study ancient manuscripts upon which the New Testament is based. Has information about reading criticial apparata, textual criticism, and a table of Greek manuscripts.

Jewish Publication Society Bible

* This site provides online, searchable Old Testament texts in Hebrew and Aramaic. It is intended for those who know Hebrew well, not beginners.

Currently under development, the project is a web-based initiative to provide annotated Greek texts and tools for their analysis. The project aims both to serve, and to collaborate with, the scholarly community.

Perseus Digital Library

* This digitial library contains a massive collection of original language texts, including the Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament, which is linked to the Liddell and Scott Greek lexicon, enabling the user to perform simple word studies. Has the best free tools for Greek and Latin sources outside the Bible. Allows for the searching of Greek or Latin words in texts that usually have translations. A bit hard to navigate, but useful for the persistent language scholar. The Chicago version is useful especially for Greek searches. See here for the UTL version (UTORid required).

The Septuagint Online

* * Introduction to study of the Septuagint and links to web-based (downloadable or accessible online) editions of the Septuagint.

Strong's Concordance with Hebrew and Greek Lexicon

* Online Greek and Hebrew lexicons which are searchable by Strong's word numbers (which is helpful only if you have access to a Bible with Strong's numbering).

Westcott-Hort Greek NT

* * * Free download from Olive Tree Bible Software of the Greek NT based on Westcott-Hort text with NA26/27 variants.


***Finds Hebrew and Greek and other ancient language words by clicking on the first two letters. Finds weak verbs and connects to real full-text lexicons.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG)

Connects to nearly all of Greek literature. Some tools are free including the LSJ lexicon. See here for the UTL subscription (UTORid required).

Online Greek Bible

***Based on the 26th edition of the Nestle-Aland Text. Has a searchable online text of the Greek NT.

Exegetical Resources

***From the Institute of Biblical Greek, site links to sites which contain aids for four main areas of New Testament exegesis (lexical, morphological, grammatical, contextual).