Introduction: The University of Toronto's Major in Ethics, Society, and Law (ES&L)

In the Ethics, Society, and Law Major we investigate a wide variety of social and political issues. We aim to assess both the nature of an issue in question, and its normative dimensions: what is right or wrong about it, and what is its relationship to the law? There are various disciplines in the humanities, the social sciences, and the natural sciences that can help us arrive at reasonable answers to such questions. A number of these disciplines are combined in the program.

We call the Ethics, Society, and Law (ES&L) program "E, S, AND L" for short.

ES&L is a Type 2 limited enrolment program. 

If you are requesting the program at the end of first year you need an overall average of at least 73% in 3 FCEs selected from courses that are categorized as BR=2 and/or BR=3. However, a 73% average does not guarantee an invitation to ES&L. In recent years we have been receiving 350-400 requests for ES&L in the two request rounds each spring and summer. We can only accommodate about 70 new students each year. Thus we prioritise students according to best averages in the relevant course categories.     

For students applying at the end of second year, a minimal overall average of 73% is required in 3 FCEs, as follows:  

(a) PHL271H1,

(b) 2.5 FCEs from other courses that count towards the program including at least 0.5 FCE from: POL200Y1, PHL265H1, PHL275H1, ETH201H1, ETH210H1, ETH220H1, and ETH230H1.

For the same reasons stated above (with respect to requests at the end of first year), achieving the threshold mark does not necessarily guarantee admission to the program.

Applications beyond second year will be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

For more ES&L information, interactive discussion, and current announcements please log on to Agora ES&L.

Questions Asked by Students

Requirements & Courses

Course Prerequisites

Agora ES&L


AnchorMindful Journals

mindful journal 2012Mindful is an undergraduate journal that is affiliated with the Ethics, Society, and Law program at Trinity College, University of Toronto. The undergraduate ES&L program is distinctively interdisciplinary, emphasizing and engaging with issues that have both theoretical and practical resonance. Mindful has a similarly interdisciplinary mission: the journal seeks to gather excellent undergraduate papers in a range of fields that address topics that are relevant to society today.

2012   2008   2007   2006